French toast is a dish made of sliced bread soaked in eggs and milk, then fried. Alternative names and variants include eggy bread, Bombay toast, German toast, gypsy toast, poor knights of Windsor , and torrija. Soak these pieces in milk and beaten egg, fry in oil, and cover with honey before serving. Blancmange , from French: blanc-manger is a sweet dessert commonly made with milk or cream and sugar thickened with gelatin, corn starch or Irish moss a source of carrageenan , and often flavoured with almonds.
It is usually set in a mold and served cold. Although traditionally white, blancmanges are frequently given alternative colours. The historical blancmange originated some time in the Middle Ages and usually consisted of capon or chicken, milk or almond milk, rice and sugar and was considered to be an ideal food for the sick. History The origin of the blancmange is obscure, but it is believed by some that it was a result of the Arab introduction of rice and almonds in early medieval Europe. History Historically, meat aspics were made before fruit- and vegetable-flavored aspics or jellies UK and gelatins North America.
By the Middle Ages at the latest, cooks had discovered that a thickened meat broth could be made into a jelly.
Le Viandier | Revolvy
A detailed recipe for aspic is found in Le Viandier, written in or around Chaud froid means "hot cold" in French, referring to foods that were prepared hot and served cold. Aspic was used as a chaud froid sauce in many cold fish and poultry meals. The sauce added moisture and flavor to the food. A stew is a combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid and served in the resultant gravy. Ingredients in a stew can include any combination of vegetables such as carrots, potatoes, onions, beans, peppers, mushrooms, and tomatoes and may include meat, especially tougher meats suitable for slow-cooking, such as beef.
Poultry, sausages, and seafood are also used. While water can be used as the stew-cooking liquid, stock is also common. Seasoning and flavourings may also be added. Stews are typically cooked at a relatively low temperature simmered, not boiled , allowing flavours to mingle. Stewing is suitable for the least tender cuts of meat that become tender and juicy with the slow moist heat method. This makes it popular in low-cost cooking.
Cuts having a certain amount of marbling and gelatinous connective tissue give moist, juicy stews, while lean meat may easily become dry. Stews are thickened by reduction or with flour, either by coating pieces of meat with flour before sea. Normandy French: Normandie listen ; Norman: Normaundie; from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages  is the northwesternmost of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
Its population of 3. The inhabitants of Normandy are known as Normans, and the region is the historic homeland of the Norman language. The capital is Rouen. The historical region of Normandy comprised the present-day region of Normandy, as well as small areas now part. The Apicius manuscript ca.
The name "Apicius" had long been associated with excessively refined love of food, from the habits of an early bearer of the name, Marcus Gavius Apicius, a Roman gourmet and lover of refined luxury, who lived sometime in the 1st century AD during the reign of Tiberius. He is sometimes erroneously asserted to be the author of the book that is pseudepigraphically attributed to him. Apicius is a text to be used in the kitchen. In the earliest printed editions, it was usually called De re coquinaria On the Subject of Cooking , and attributed t.
A pasty or , Cornish: Pasti  is a baked pastry, a traditional variety of which is particularly associated with Cornwall and Devon, United Kingdom. It is made by placing an uncooked filling, typically meat and vegetables, on one half of a flat shortcrust pastry circle, folding the pastry in half to wrap the filling in a semicircle and crimping the curved edge to form a seal before baking.
The traditional Cornish pasty, which since has Protected Geographical Indication PGI status in Europe, is filled with beef, sliced or diced potato, swede also known as yellow turnip or rutabaga — referred to in Devon and Cornwall as turnip and onion, seasoned with salt and pepper, and is baked. Today, the pasty is the food most associated with Cornwall.
Pasties with many different fillings are made and some shops specialise in selling all sorts of pasties.
The origins of the pasty are unclear, though there are many referenc. Two codices survive from the beginning of the 14th century. The titles are taken from marginal notes by the medieval editor.
While the identity of both the authors is unknown, it is believed that the Tractatus was originally written by a French author and the Liber de Coquina by an Italian author from the Naples area. Contents Tractatus part 1 wine compositions poultry and meat fish dishes for the rich legumes, eggs, leeks and gravy Liber de Coquina part 2 vegetables poultry pastry fish compositions of many ingredients Text Manuscripts Latin manuscripts , fol. Eliza Smith's The Compleat Housewife, A cookbook or cookery book is a kitchen reference containing recipes.
Cookbooks may be general, or may specialize in a particular cuisine or category of food. Recipes in cookbooks are organized in various ways: by course appetizer, first course, main course, dessert , by main ingredient, by cooking technique, alphabetically, by region or country, and so on. They may include illustrations of finished dishes and preparation steps; discussions of cooking techniques, advice on kitchen equipment, ingredients, and substitutions; historical and cultural notes; and so on.
Cookbooks may be written by individual authors, who may be chefs, cooking teachers, or other food writers; they may be written by collectives; or they may be anonymous. They may be addressed to home cooks, to professional restaurant cooks, to institutional cooks, or to more specialized audiences. Some cookbooks are didactic, with detailed recipes addressed to beginners or people learning to cook pa.
A cook is a profession for individuals who prepare food for consumption in the food industry in settings such as restaurants. A cook is sometimes referred to as a chef, although in the culinary world, the terms are not interchangeable. Cooks' responsibilities include preparing food, managing food stations, cleaning the kitchen, and helping the chefs. Taillevent wrote in the Le Viandier- a classic recipe collection in Medieval France- that he underwent different levels of training such as being an apprentice a.
Early entremets usually consisted of nothing more complicated than frumenty, a type of grain porridge, colored with saffron or egg yolk. Originally it was an elaborate form of entertainment dish common among the nobility and upper middle class in Europe during the later part of the Middle Ages and the early modern period. An entremet marked the end of a serving of courses and could be anything from a simple frumenty a type of wheat porridge that was brightly colored and flavored with exotic and expensive spices to elaborate models of castles complete with wine fountains, musicians, and food modeled into allegorical scenes.
By the end of the Middle Ages, it had evolved almost entirely into dinner entertainment in the form of inedible ornaments or acted performances, often packed with symbolism.
Origin The restaurant was named in a tribute to Guillaume Tirel, called Taillevent, a cook in the 14th century known to have written the first cuisine book in French, Le Viandier, ordered by Charles V of France. In , it won its first star given by the French restaurant guide Guide Michelin. In , the restaurant moved to the mansion of the Duc de Morny, built in , which was a family house before becoming the embassy of Paraguay.
Today the restaurant is located at 15, Lamennais Street, in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. In Taillevent restaurant received its second star under the chef Lucien Leheu. Jean-Claude Vrinat, son of the founder and a graduate of. Food writing is a type of writing that focuses on food and includes works by food critics and food historians. Definition Food writers regard food as a substance and a cultural phenomenon.
John T. Edge, an American food writer, explains how writers in the genre view its topic: "Food is essential to life. Food, not sex, is our most frequently indulged pleasure. It is about memory and tradition and, at times, even about sex. He was one of the most important French art collectors of his time.
He was also Consul General to Smyrna. He began his collection of old books in and soon became indebted to booksellers for 6, francs, a sum that his father reimbursed without difficulty: the young man's love of books had turned into a devouring passion, which was to remain with him. He also collected numerous antique objects of various natures archaeology, numismatics, prints, silversmiths, etc.
Its origins go back to the Middle Ages and its first known recipes are in the Manuscript of Sion, the oldest treatise of cooking written in French around the 13th century. Although almost the same word is used in both Dutch and French, it has nothing to do with Dutch hutspot which is a dish made from mashed potato and whose recipe is said to have been concocted during the siege of Leiden in Definition It is a Flemish stew made with oxtail, shoulder of mutton, salted bacon, and vegetables. The stewed vegetables are served whole, unlike the Dutch hutspot, in which they are served mashed.